UFAW Professor William Russell Fellowship 2008


2008 Professor William Russell Fellowship Awarded

The Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) is very pleased to announce the awarding of its inaugural Professor William Russell Fellowship to Dr Joseph Garner of Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.


The new Fellowship was introduced this year in honour of Professor William Russell and his work with Rex Burch at UFAW that led to the publication of ‘The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique’ in 1959. This work established the concept of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement) now recognised throughout the world as guiding principles in the use of animals in scientific procedures. Open to applicants in the UK and overseas, the three-year post-doctoral Fellowship supports research aimed at making a substantial contribution to the welfare of such animals.

Dr Garner was awarded the Fellowship for his project entitled ‘Refinement of mouse husbandry: does nesting material allow mice to cope with the chronic cold stress of standard housing conditions, and what are the practical benefits in terms of physiological variability and animal welfare?’ Dr Garner will be investigating the ambient temperature preferences of mice and bedding needs for their thermal comfort. This is an important area of work – particularly in view of the fact that mice are by far the most commonly used species in scientific procedures – which can potentially benefit many millions of animals.

The Professor William Russell Fellowship is part of a wide portfolio of research award and grant schemes run by UFAW in support of scientific work aimed at improving our understanding of animals’ needs and how best they can be met. Animal welfare science is increasingly making fundamental and lasting improvements to animal welfare through education and expert advice to all who care for and work with animals, institutions and governments. UFAW congratulates Dr Garner and wishes him well for his important contribution to animal welfare science.


The 2008 Professor William Russell Fellowship has now been completed. A report on this project is available here


Further details

Background - This award is now closed for 2008

In honour of Professor William Russell, who very sadly passed away last year, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) has established a special Fund to support a Research Fellowship that will advance the international development and application of the Three Rs – Replacement, Reduction and Refinement. These concepts were established by William Russell and his research assistant Mr Rex Burch through their work with UFAW which resulted in the publication of ‘The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique’ in 1959. They have had, and continue to have, an immense impact on the welfare of animals in biomedical research all over the world.

To commemorate William Russell’s life and his work at UFAW, and to help foster the continuing international development and application of the Three Rs, the Professor William Russell Fund will support a Research Fellowship for high quality research, in the UK or elsewhere, that will lead to significant international advances in knowledge or application of one or more of the Three Rs. The Research Fellowship will join UFAW’s wide range of schemes in support of research in animal welfare science.

The Fellowship will cover salary and research costs up to a maximum in the region of £120,000 over the three-year duration of the project. Applicants must be postdoctoral scientists, or expect to have gained their doctorate prior to taking up the Fellowship. Funding for the second and third years’ work will depend upon evidence of satisfactory progress during the preceding year. Both the quality and the value for money of the proposed work will be considered when judging the applications.


Application for these awards will be a two-stage process. Initially, applicants are required to submit a brief Concept Note (complete with Curriculum Vitae and publications list) by Tuesday 18th December 2007 using this form. Following assessment of these concept notes, selected applicants will be invited (by mid February) to submit more detailed proposals by Friday 18th Aprl 2008 (NB an invitation to submit a detailed proposal will not be a guarantee that the project will be funded). This two-stage process will allow the panel to make a short list of the most suitable projects. The panel may call short-listed applicants for interview before making an award. UFAW hopes to be able to announce a successful applicant before the end of June 2008.


Deadline for the Concept Notes

One copy of each Concept Note should be submitted with one copy of full Curriculum Vitae and publications list to:                


The Old School

Brewhouse Hill




Concept Notes must arrive at the UFAW office by Tuesday 18th December 2007 at the latest.


Further information

If further information is required please visit out website, available at: http://www.ufaw.org.uk, or contact UFAW directly: email: ufaw@ufaw.org.uk or telephone: 01582 831818.



Use of funds

1.     Projects and procedures funded by UFAW grants may not be altered from those specified on the application form and in the grant authorisation from UFAW without prior written permission of UFAW, and no additional funds will be provided unless UFAW so decides in its absolute discretion.

2.     Where funds are granted to an institution for the employment of staff at that institution or for work to be carried out by a private individual, UFAW is not the employer. It is the responsibility of the host institution to issue a contract of employment in accordance with the Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978 or equivalent legislation in other countries and with any other employment legislation. Full details of all employment costs should be provided in the application. Where UFAW provides funds for the employment of staff to undertake research, the employer is expected to protect these staff from the burdens of undertaking administrative and teaching responsibilities unless agreed otherwise by UFAW.

3.    The period of the grant is strictly limited and the tenure of appointment of any persons employed by the host institution for the work must be confined strictly to the period of the grant.  If staff are retained beyond this it is for the host institution’s own purposes and at their own expense.

4.    The host institution is entirely responsible for increments in salaries or stipends during the term of the grant and these should be budgeted for in the application. UFAW may consider applications for additional sums following national pay increments. Applications should be made promptly after these occur and full details of the circumstances explained. 

5.    All grants are made on the condition that UFAW is in no way responsible for claims under any statute or at common law and it does not indemnify the host institution against any claim for compensation or against any other claims for which the host institution may be liable as an employer, owner-occupier or user of premises or as the provider of services or facilities or in relation to the work carried out under the grant.

6.    Any equipment purchased from a UFAW grant will become the property of UFAW and should be used only for the activities approved. At the end of the project the ownership and future use of the equipment will be reviewed by UFAW.

Legal and ethical

7.    It is the responsibility of the applicant to be aware of all laws and codes under which the work is to be carried out and to abide by these and to obtain all necessary permissions and licences.

Use of animals

8.    If the proposed work involves the use of animals, it is the responsibility of the principal applicant to check with the appropriate national or regional authority (eg Home Office in the UK) regarding the need for licences or other specific authorisation required in the country concerned and to obtain these where necessary. It is also the responsibility of the principal applicant to obtain the necessary approvals from the institution’s ethics committee where there is one.

9.    UFAW requires rigorous implementation of the 3Rs. Where animals are used in research they must be afforded high standards of welfare compatible with the aims of the research. At all times conditions for husbandry and experimentation should be of high standard conducive to good welfare and to minimising stress. Enclosures should meet the physiological and behavioural needs of the animals and appropriate enrichment should be provided. The health of the animals should be maintained and monitored, and any deterioration attended to immediately. All staff involved in animal research, both at a scientific and research support level, and those involved in the breeding, handling and care of animals, must be appropriately trained and possess relevant qualifications.

10. In order that UFAW can be satisfied fully that projects involving the use of animals take the fullest possible account of their welfare, applications should include details of the following (as appropriate) in the description of the methods:


animals  - species, strain, weight, sex, age, source, transport, health status, conservation status, fate at end of project;


housing/feeding/measures to improve welfare - cage/enclosure type, size, floor, furnishings, bedding, cleaning, thermal environment, number of animals per cage, diet, feeding regime;


experimental design - experimental design, details of how numbers in test and control groups have been determined (eg by power analysis prior to the experiment), statistical methods to be used in analysis of the results;


experimental procedures - experimental procedures,  any risks to animal welfare (nature and duration), measures to improve the animals’ welfare, analgesia, methods of euthanasia.

Applicants (especially those submitting applications for behavioural research) may find useful, and are recommended to familiarise themselves with, the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour’s Guidelines for the treatment of animals in behavioural research and teaching updated in each January issue of the journal Animal Behaviour and available on the Journal website http://asab.nottingham.ac.uk/ethics/guidelines.php

Financial arrangements

11.   Claims, certified to be correct by the private individual or the finance officer of the host institution, should normally be submitted at intervals of three months (in arrears) but other arrangements, which  must be specified in this application, may be considered by UFAW.


Limitation of liability

12. UFAW is in no way responsible, financially or otherwise, for the expenditure or liabilities arising out of the work other than those specifically listed and defined in the project proposal or approved in further correspondence.



13. UFAW may, in some cases (but unusually), require the copyright of all data collected during, and of any publications arising from, a project for which it is providing support. In these cases, this will be made a condition of the award.


Termination of grants

14.   UFAW has the right to revoke or suspend any grant upon failure to observe any of the conditions listed above or specified by UFAW in the offer of a grant or on consideration of the progress of the work. In such a case, UFAW may require repayment or, depending on the circumstances, may reimburse the host institution for expenses incurred to the date of termination but will not be responsible for, nor will indemnify the host institution against, any claims (relating to employment or anything else - see conditions above) arising as a result of the termination.



  • Annual progress reports are required within one month of the anniversary of the start date each year and within 3 months of the completion date a final report must be submitted, summarising the aims, methods, results and conclusions, discussing any difficulties encountered in achieving the objectives, and including a brief final financial statement. In addition, Fellows are required to provide, on a separate sheet, a brief (200-300 word) account of their project written in an easily-accessible style suitable for inclusion in the UFAW Annual Report or News-Sheet. This should explain the background of the project and its animal welfare benefits. Appropriate photographs of the project should also be made available to UFAW for its publications. UFAW’s financial support should be acknowledged in all publications arising from the work and copies of publications arising from the work should be forwarded to UFAW on their publication.

Please note that failure to comply with these conditions and to submit reports on schedule may result in the disqualification of the applicant or of his/her organisation from obtaining grants from UFAW in future.


UFAW Professor William Russell Research Fellows will, de facto, be important ambassadors for UFAW and will be expected to keep close links with the UFAW office and to help promote the charity and its objectives. They may be asked to speak at UFAW meetings, to write essays for publication and to perform other such duties as requested to assist the organisation in the furtherance of its aims.


Intellectual property and commercial activities

16.   UFAW is committed to advancing animal welfare through its support for research and other animal welfare projects. As a charity, UFAW is under an obligation to ensure that its funds are applied effectively in pursuit of its objectives. UFAW therefore wishes to encourage and, together with UFAW-funded researchers and their host institutions, ensure the protection and exploitation of the intellectual property arising out of the work that it funds.


Specifically, UFAW requires the institution to:

(a)          develop and implement strategies and procedures for the identification, protection and exploitation of all intellectual property created or acquired in connection with a UFAW-funded activity (intellectual property includes all inventions, technologies, products, data and know-how);

(b)          notify UFAW promptly when intellectual property that may or may be of animal welfare or commercial value is created, and ensure that such intellectual property is protected and not published or otherwise publicly disclosed prior to protection (whilst at the same time ensuring that potential delays in publication are minimised);

(c)          permit UFAW to have reasonable access to personnel, facilities and information utilised in, or created or acquired pursuant to, a UFAW-funded activity or the exploitation envisaged under this paragraph 12;

(d)          ensure that all persons in receipt of UFAW-funding or working on a UFAW-funded activity are employed or retained on terms that vest in the institution all intellectual property which is created or acquired by any such person in connection with a UFAW-funded activity.

17.   No intellectual property created or acquired in connection with a UFAW-funded activity may be exploited in any way without the prior written consent of UFAW, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld. Exploitation includes use for any commercial purpose or any license, sale, assignment, materials transfer or other transfer rights. As a condition of granting such consent, UFAW may require the institution to agree to terms of exploitation including the sharing of the benefits (such as revenues and equity) arising from the exploitation.

18.         If the institution does not protect or exploit any such intellectual property in accordance with the jointly agreed strategies and procedures or otherwise to UFAW’s satisfaction, UFAW shall have the right, but not a duty, to protect and exploit such intellectual property in furtherance of the aims of the Charity. Such right shall only be exercised 6 months after UFAW has given the institution notice in writing requiring the institution to protect and exploit such intellectual property, unless UFAW reasonably considers that such intellectual property rights could be lost and more immediate action is required. The institution agrees to do, and will ensure that its employees and students do, all acts required to assist UFAW in such protection and exploitation.